Us Uae 123 Agreement

Most recently, in 2014, the United States negotiated and signed new agreements with the United Arab Emirates (notable for gold standard provisions) and Vietnam in 2014 and signed new agreements to replace existing agreements with Australia in 2010, Taiwan in 2013 (which also included provisions relating to the gold standard), China and South Korea in 2015, and Norway in 2016. The gold standard provisions are addressed to a country that agrees to renounce the enrichment and reprocessing of nuclear material. The nine non-proliferation criteria of the agreements set out in section 123 are as follows: in order to address proliferation problems, the United Arab Emirates committed itself in its White Paper to “respect the highest standards of non-proliferation, to sign and implement the Additional Protocol to its Safeguard Agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA], to conclude all relevant protection agreements with the IAEA and to renounce national enrichment and reprocessing”. [22] The Additional Protocol is a voluntary agreement that provides the IAEA with more inspection rights to detect the diversion of nuclear material, particularly from undeclared nuclear power plants. [23] With such a protocol, inspectors have the right to conduct short-term inspections of all nuclear facilities in the United Arab Emirates, collect environmental samples in or beyond declared nuclear facilities, install remote monitoring equipment, and gather information on nuclear research and development, as well as on the production and export of sensitive nuclear technologies. On 3 March 2009, the IAEA Board of Governors approved the Additional Protocol of the United Arab Emirates and the United Arab Emirates signed the Agreement on 8 April 2009. . . .